Canine Preventive Care
Canine Preventive Care
The cornerstone to providing excellent care for your dog is having regular exams done, at least once annually. During exams, our primary goal is to learn as much about your dog’s health as possible and discuss treatments to keep your friend healthy. Our exams are always comprehensive – this includes checking the eyes, ears, teeth, skin, joints, heart, lungs, abdomen, perineal area, and any areas of concern. If requested we will clip the nails and express the anal glands as well. Any dog aged 7 or older we will strongly recommend annual bloodwork and urinalysis.
Every dog needs vaccines to stay healthy. There are 2 core vaccines that we recommend for all dogs; DA2PP and Rabies.
There are 4 non-core vaccines that are recommended for some dogs; bordetella, leptospirosis, canine influenza H3N8, and canine influenza H3N2.
DA2PP Vaccine: Distemper + adenovirus + parvovirus + parainfluenza. Start at 6-8 weeks, repeat every 3-4 weeks, for a total of 3-4 injections. Then again at 1 year of age. Thereafter every 3 years for life.
Rabies Vaccine: Administer once at 12-16 weeks of age, then again at 1 year of age, then every 3 years for life. Required by law in most cities. We require that all of our patients be kept up to date on their rabies vaccination.
Leptospirosis Vaccine: A deadly bacterial infection. Start before 6 months of age, give twice, 3-4 weeks apart. Then annually thereafter.
Bordetella (Kennel Cough): An upper respiratory bacterial infection that is commonly passed among dogs. Recommended once yearly for dogs that go to dog parks, groomers, or boarding facilities. Givn once yearly.
Canine Influenza H3N8: Canine H3N8 influenza was first identified in Florida in 2004 in racing greyhounds. It is thought this strain developed from an equine H3N8 influenza strain that jumped from horses to dogs. Since being detected in 2004, canine H3N8 influenza has been identified in dogs in most U.S. states and the District of Columbia.
Canine Influenza H3N2: Canine H3N2 influenza was first identified in the United States in March 2015 following an outbreak of respiratory illness in dogs in the Chicago area. Prior to this, reports of canine H3N2 influenza virus were restricted to Asia. Following the initial diagnosis in Chicago, additional cases of canine H3N2 influenza were reported in a number of states. There is no evidence that either strain of canine influenza (H3N8, H3N2) can infect humans.
UPDATE: As of June 2017, 5 cases of H3N2 influenza have been reported in Texas.